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Peruvian Goddesses


Mountain goddess who sends the rains.

Her name means "Potato Mother." Potatoes have been the staple food of the peoples of the Andes since ancient days; they come in a wide variety, which are only now being discovered by distributors in industrialized nations.

A Peruvian myth. Coniraya, the moon god, is said to have shaped his sperm into the likeness of a fruit which Cavillaca, a virgin goddess, unwittingly ate, thereby becoming pregnant; she bore a son. She called all the gods together and demanded to know who was the boy's father. When no one owned up to it she placed the boy on the ground whereupon he crawled toward Coniraya. Cavillaca, ashamed because the moon god was the poorest and seediest of the gods, grabbed her son and ran away. When she reached the coast of Peru she changed her son and herself to rocks.

A goddess of health and happiness. Originally a promiscuous woman cut in half by jealous lovers; her body grew into the first coca bush, whose leaves men were not suppose to chew until they had satisfied a woman's sexual needs. The ancient Peruvians believed coca brought health and happiness.

Moon goddess from pre-Incan times, and queen of the giants. Worshipped around Lake Titicaca.

Mama Allpa
Goddess of the harvest.

Wife of Viracocha, and goddess of the rain and the wind. She is the oldest known deity in Peru. Fishermen are her chief worshippers.

(Lady of the Manioc) Among the Jivaro of Peru, she is an Earth Goddess who oversees vegetation. She is honored as the Giver of Civilization. The manioc is her special plant.

The Earth Mother of the Chincha of Peru. She oversees planting and harvesting. Some depict her as a great dragon who causes earthquakes. The supreme god Pachacamac emerged from her, and she is also mentioned as his consort.

The consort of the Phallic King, she is representative of those proudly sexual figures fired in clay by artisans of the Mochica culture, dating from 1250 BCE through 800 CE, along the coast of Peru.

Children were sacrificed in the worship of this moon goddess.

Goddess of fire, represented as a jaguar.

This "grain mother" was occasionally replicated in her own fields in the form of strangely shaped ears of corn or ears that joined in multiple growths. Sometimes these goddess images were dressed as human women in a robe and shawl with a silver clasp; or they were created from precious metals or stone. Sometimes, Zaramama came to earth in deformed cornstalks, which were hung by her followers on willow trees; festive dances were held around the willows, then the cornstalks were burned (assuring a plentiful supply of corn) while the people drank fermented corn beer and ate the meat of sacrificed llamas, whose blood was used to anoint their faces.



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Text/Research by Dominic Marks. Editing/html page design by April Ingram