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Mayan Goddesses


A goddess of childbirth.

(Acna) A Goddess of motherhood and birthing, She is associated with the moon and with the Bacabs (the four canpoic gods who stand at the four corners of the world, supporting the heavens).

Alaghom Naom
(Alaghom Naum, Ixtat Ix) The Maya mother goddess. She is especially associated with thought and intellect, and is known as "Mother of Mind".

Alaghom Naom Tzentel
An ancient Maya goddess of thought and intellect.

A Maya earth goddess.

A Mayan virgin who conceived a child after the Lord of Existence breathed on her.

Goddess of the Moon, and the first female entity to experience intercourse.

A creator Goddess who was formed when the four gods responsible for creation of the world split, and became eight.

Colel Cab
A Mayan earth goddess.

A Goddess whose name is believed to be something like "Ixik", but it is uncertain. She is an early Goddess of water - springs, wells, and perhaps the sea.

(Ixalvoh) ('water') She is the consort of Hunab-Ku (the sun god Kinich Ajaw, in some stories), and the inventor and goddess of weaving. She is also a goddess of female sexuality and childbirth with healing and oracular powers.

Ix Chebel Yax
The Maya goddess of weaving, and consort of Itzamna (benevolent god of the sky and father of the gods).

("rainbow") The Weaver or Creatrix, consort of Itzamna (god of the sky). She is the goddess of pregnancy, childbirth, medecine, healing, weaving and domestic arts, worshipped throughout the Mayan Yucatan as the life-giving queen. She embodies the healing power that ancient cultures attributed to wise elder women. The rite of passage into womanhood required fashioning a clay image of Ixchel, traveling to her temple on the sacred Isle of Women (Isla Mujeres) and performing a ritualistic breaking of the image.

Ixchel (the moon) was the lover of the Sun, but he became jealous of his brother, the morning star, accusing them of being lovers. He threw Ixchel out of the heavens and she took refuge with the vulture divinity. The Sun followed her and lured her back home once more, only to become jealous again. Ixchel, understandably tired of the sun's actions, left him and wandered through the heavens as she wished, becoming invisible if the sun came near her.

Ixchel is identical with Spider Woman, the Creatrix worshiped widely by North American native peoples and shows many similarities with the Aztec goddess Chalchihuitlicue. She is normally represented as a gnarled, somewhat ominous old woman, with a medusa-like hairdo and a bone skirt. She is portrayed with a snake as a head-band and her skirt is embroidered with crossbones.

Ix Ch'up
A Maya goddess of the moon.

She is among the thirteen divinities who attempted a new creation.

A Maya water goddess.

A goddes of death , of the noose and the gallows. She is the patroness of those who die by hanging or by suicide. It was believed by the Maya that suicides, slain warriors, sacrificial victims, priests, women who died in childbirth or those who die by hanging were immediately gathered by Ixtab and brought to the eternal paradise. She is depicted with a noose around her neck, hanging from a tree, her eyes closed in death and her body partly decomposed.

The Maya goddess who discovered pulque, a fermented drink which was the forerunner of tequila.

The Maya goddess of childbirth. She was the consort of Xpiyacoc (god of marriage), and the mother of One Hunahpu and Seven Hunahpu (mighty warriors).

Xpuch and Xtah
Two maidens of the Vuc Amag tribe who were forced to offer themselves to the gods Tohil, Avilix and Hacavitz, who would leave the tribe alone if the maidens returned with proof they had been violated by the gods. This tale appears in the Popol Vuh, an ancient Maya manuscript combining mythological characters and history.

("blood") Another tale from the Popol Vuh. One day Xquiq passed by a tree of forbidden fruits, and picked one of the fruits. The gourd she chose was the head of Hunhun-Apu. He told her not to fear him for she would bear a child soon. When her father heard of this, he sent four owls to slay her and bring her heart back to him in a vase. She convinced the owls not to harm her, but instead to bring not her heart, but the coagulated sap of the bloodwort plant, back to her father. Xquiq went to Xmucane, the mother of Hunhun-Apu, for protection. At first Xmucane did not believe the girl's story but the two women soon grew close, and it was not long until Xquiq gave birth to Hun-Apu and Xbalanque. Thus, She is a fertility and motherhood divinity.



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