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Said to be the tiniest creatures of human form in existence, these little people coexist peacefully with the ants in the anthills of Southern Africa and live on their foragings from the roots of grasses and other plants. They are very shy and so are elusive, however tend to reveal themselves to very young children, wizards, and pregnant women. 

Aes Sidhe

'The people of the hills', collective name for the old Irish gods who dwell in hills.


Among the Celts of Ireland, Aeval was the Fairy Queen of Munster. She held a midnight court to determine if husbands were satisfying their wives' sexual needs, or not, as the women charged.


Irish goddess of love and fertility. Daughter of Eogabail, who was in turn the foster-son of Manannan mac Lir. Later regarded as a fairy queen in County Limerick.

Alii Menehune

Chief of the Little People. The aboriginal little people of long, long ago were called Menehune; Alii means highest: thus Alii Menehune.


Children of the living dead of Eskimo lore. In hard times, unwanted babies were taken out into the snow by tribal elders to die of exposure. Unless the tribe would move to a new hunting ground, they would often find themselves haunted by this small, miserable ghost. 



Las Anjanas are typical faeries of Cantabria, there are small and nice females who sometimes appear to people like part human and part animal (usually, it's bird or fish, but it's not always fifty-fifty). Good-willing and peaceful, they can be found in woods, near small streams and that sort of quiet places.


The faerie version of the grim reaper.  Sometimes he's portrayed as a benevolent, comforting figure. In parts of France there's a skeleton-ghost called Ankou. He travels by night, riding a creaking cart (or small coach) drawn by four black horses in which he comes to collect the souls of the recently departed. Two other skeletons walk alongside Ankou's cart, tossing the souls into the wagon. His skull spins like a top on his bony shoulders so he can see in all directions.


In English lore, headless cannibals. They have a little brain located near their reproductive organs, their eyes are in his their shoulders and their mouths are in the centre of their chests. 



In north-eastern legends of Passamaquoddy, this is a hairy "bogey-man" figure with long fangs. This myth is used to instil fear into children from venturing into areas alone and without parental guidance.

Arkan Sonney

Fairy pigs on the Isle of Man, they're also known as "Lucky Piggy". Fairy pigs are supposed to bring good luck if one is to capture it.


Usually female, also known as sky-dancers. They bless humans at important stages in their lives, and are often seen at weddings. They live in fig trees and sometimes appear to scholars or scientists, seduce and exhaust them, making sure they don't venture into areas that the spirit world deems unfit. 



Small, fragile, female beings who turn to a puddle of water when they are captured or exposed to sunlight.



(Pronounced "Agh-iski"). They are the Irish version of the Each-Uisge.

Awd Goggie 


A type of Bogie. He haunts forests and orchards, and kidnaps children. Wise children will stay away from orchards when unsupervised, lest Awd Goggie gets them.


Baba Yaga 

In old Hungarian folklore, Baba ("old woman") was originally a good fairy but was later degraded to a witch. In a number of East European myths, a Baba Yaga (there are more than one) is a cannibalistic witch who lives in a hut on the edge of the forest. Baba Yaga is often represented as a little, ugly, old woman with a huge and distorted nose and long teeth. She is also called Jezi-Baba or Baba Yaga Kostianaya Noga ("bone-legs"), referring to the fact that she is rather skinny. She is regarded as the devil's own grandmother.


Common name for the Irish Bean Sidhe. In Scotland the banshee is known as Caoineag (wailing woman) and, although seldom seen, she is often heard in the hills and glens, by lakes or running water. The Welsh counterpart is the Gwrach y Rhibyn. 


Small gnomes who live in the mountainous regions of France and Switzerland. They look just like other gnomes except for large feet with which they can easily walk and ski over snow and use for digging tunnels. Their hair is frozen and resembles icicles. Should the need arise, a Barbegazi can cover himself with snow in seconds, and dig himself out no matter how deep he may be buried. They live in a network of caves and tunnels at the summits of high peaks, where they also aestivate during the summer. They are rarely seen, and then only in the winter months, when the temperature drops below zero. They never venture below the tree-line.


A kind of Bogie. It has horns, dangerous teeth and claws, and fiery eyes. It can take many forms, but usually is a shaggy black dog. Upon the death of a prominent figure, it rounds up all the dogs in the community and leads them on a procession through the streets, howling. 


( also Bogan). A type of Hobgoblin. Like most faeries, they are fond of tricks - sometimes they are dangerous, and sometimes helpful.

The Bean-Nighe

 (Pronounced "ben-neeyah"). The Washer at the Fords, is the Scottish version of the Irish Bean Sidhe (Banshee). She wanders near deserted streams where she washes the blood from the grave-clothes of those who are about to die. It is said that Bean Nighe are the spirits of women who died giving birth and are doomed to do this work until the day their lives would have normally ended. A Bean Nighe is thought to have one nostril, one big protruding tooth, webbed feet and long hanging breasts. A mortal who is bold enough to sneak up to her while she is washing and suck her breast can claim to be her foster-child. The mortal can then gain a wish from her. 

Bendith y Mamau

(Pronounced "ben-dith uh momay"). Carmarthenshire (Wales) name for fairies, translates to "Mother's Blessing". This saying became a prayer spoken to ward-off harm. A rather unpleasant clan of Welsh fairies. They are ugly creatures, and sometimes regarded as the result of interbreeding between goblins and fairies. They steal children and substitute them for their own ugly ones, called Crimbils. Through the intervention of a witch, the parents can regain the stolen child, who will remember nothing of its time with the Bendith Y Mamau, except for a vague recollection of sweet music.


A kobold from German folklore who lives down in the cellar. He will clean all the jugs and bottles as long as he receives his own jug of beer daily for his trouble. 

Black Annis

In England, Black Annis is a blue-faced hag who lives in a cave in the Dane Hills, Leicestershire. The cave, called "Black Annis' Bower Close" was dug out of the rock with her own nails. Situated in front of it is a great oak in which she hides to leap out and catch and devour stray children and lambs. Every year on Easter Monday, it was customary to hold a drag hunt from her cave to the Mayor's house. The bait was a dead cat drenched in aniseed.

Blue Fairy

In Carlo Collodi's tale Pinocchio the wooden boy receives the gift of real life from the Blue Fairy. The story is echoed in Steven Spielberg's 2001 film A.I.: Artificial Intelligence, in which an android longs to become a real boy. 

Blue Men of the Minch

They dwell in the strait between Long Island and the Shiant Islands. They are responsible for sudden thunderstorms and shipwrecks, but their ship-sinking attempts may be thwarted if you are an adept rhymer. Some think they may be fallen angels.


(Also Bugbear or Bug-A-Boo). They slide down chimneys to kidnap naughty children.


Household spirits from the north of England, and similar to brownies and bogies, although their nature is much more malicious and less helpful. The dark and hairy Boggarts are dressed in tattered clothes, with meddling hands and clumsy feet. The presence of a Boggart is betrayed by the unusual number of small accidents and strange noises after dark. They tip over milk bottles, frighten cats, pinch little children, blow out candles, and cause many other mishaps. No one has ever found a way to appease them, and often there is no alternative but to quickly and stealthy move to another home. In Manx folklore, it is called a Buggane.


They are a form of Goblin and are generally nasty in temperament. However, they prefer to inflict their evil deeds upon liars and murderers.


A wild spirit of the Kwakiutl that is believed to roam in dense forests and woodlands. It draws to his home the spirits of those who have drowned. A fearsome spirit in the great north-western American spruce forests. 

Brown Man of the Muirs 

The Protector of wild animals.

The Brownie 

Good-natured, invisible brown elves or household goblins who live in farmhouses and other country dwellings in Scotland. While people are asleep, they perform their labours for them. They are known to be protective creatures and they become attached to a certain place of family. Even if the family should move to another continent, the brownies will accompany them in their migration. If offered payment for their services or if they are treated badly, they disappear and are never seen again. 
The little hairy brownies, with their flat faces and pinhole nostrils, are not very attractive, but their happy smiles and extrovert characters makes up for that. The innocent nature of children allows them to see the brownies, but disbelieving adults will never get a glimpse of them. This however does not prevent the brownies from helping adults in countless minor ways.


A goblin of the wind, once supposed by Cornish people to foretell shipwrecks. It is also a sprite fabled to live in the tin mines. 


An evil creature from the Isle of Man, with a great head and body and with long teeth and nails. It is a variant of the Boggart. 


He's a forest dweller, a shepherd. He's very unattractive and he knows it, but he yearns for human companionship.

The Bwca

They are the Welsh version of the Brownie. It is a helpful creature who, in exchange for a bowl of cream, is willing to perform small labours such as the churning of butter. If he is treated badly, the Bwca will pound the walls, throw small objects, pinch people in their sleep, destroy clothes and reveal secrets. He despises teetotallers and people with long noses. 



Breton version of the Bean-Sidhe.


The Irish goddess of beauty. She later became a fairy queen in the area of Carraig Cliodhna in County Cork.


(Pronounced (kloor-a-kawn). After his day's labours the Leprechaun enjoys a night's revelry and then becomes known as the Cluricaun. He raids wine cellars and tortures sheep and dogs by riding them like horses in the moonlight.


(Also Koblernigh). They are Welsh mine faeries, similar to Knockers. They are considered good omens since the location of their mining usually precedes the discovery of ore there.


In the folklore of Brittany, a female fairy. She is said to have been one of the ancient Druidesses, and therefore malicious towards Christian priests. Corrigan is fond of pretty human children, and is usually blamed for all changeling substitutions.


Breton Gnomes who are reputed to inhabited the ruins at Tresmalouen. They appear to be related to the Gorics.


A powerful South American spirit who owned the jungle and tortures tortoise hunters since the tortoises are his friends.



King of the fairy race of the Tuatha de Danann in Irish mythology. He was celebrated not only for his prowess with a battle club, magic harp and cauldron, but was also known for his greed and cruelty.

Daoine Maite

Literally, the good people. They are the fairies of contemporary Irish folklore.

Daoine Sidhe

The divine folk of Old Irish folklore. After the Tuatha D� Danann were defeated by the Milesians (Gaels), those members who decided to stay in Ireland formed the Daoine Sidhe. They live in hollow mounds, hence the name Sidhe which literally means "people of the (fairy) mounds". They are fond of battles, hurling (a kind of field hockey) and are skilled chess players. Many a mortal challenged Finvarra to a game and lost all his possessions, for the king has never been beaten. These fairies are small and this is responsible for the name of Daoine Beaga, "little folk". They may ride out to hunt, or stir up an eddy of dust, or engage in battles, or steal children, or prevent butter from forming in the churn.

Dana O'Shee 

In Irish folklore, they are small, graceful creatures. The Dana O'Shee live in a realm of eternal beauty and remain eternally young as nobles from the age of chivalry with their own king and queen and royal household. They wear beautiful clothes enriched with precious jewels. They love music, dancing and hunting and can often be seen riding in a procession, led by the king and queen. But even these lovely creatures can be treacherous, and some people say they come from the realm of the dead. A person enchanted by their beauty or music is forever lost.


These are spirits who attach themselves to a particular place, usually man made, like houses. Especially old houses. They are generally feminine ancestral spirits.


These are a malicious form of Dwarf from Northern England. They revel in tricking people into dying.


In myths and folklore, dwarfs are small humanoids, about half the size of a man, who live in caves or in holes under the ground (and sometimes in hollow trees). They can be hostile towards to man, but can also perform small labours for them. In fairy tales (such as 'Snowhite and the Seven Dwarfs') they are usually portrayed as short, stocky creatures with long beards. They can be found working in mines, delving minerals and metals. Dwarves are exceptionally skilful with their hands and make the most beautiful (and often magical) objects, which surpasses man-made objects by far.


A Jewish demonic spirit capable of possessing humans.



(Pronounced "Ech-ooshkya"). In Ireland they are called the Aughisky, and are analogous with the Kelpie. After he carried the unsuspecting victim into the water, it would tear him apart and devour the entire body except for the liver. As long as the Each-Uisge is ridden in the interior, he is rather harmless. But the merest glimpse or smell of water would mean the end of the rider. The creature assumes human shape, woos maidens, and can be recognized only by the water weeds in his hair.


One of the Uttuku. Evil or vengeful spirits of the ancient Assyrians, the Ekimmu appeared wailing and crying outside a home to signal an impending death, much like a Banshee. 


The name given to the Welsh elves. They are tiny, diaphanous fairies whose food is toadstools and fairy butter, a fungoid substance found in the roots of old trees and in limestone crevices. Their queen is Mab. They are smaller than the Tylwyth Teg.

El Trasgu

Trasgus are typical from Asturian folklore, but in fact they are known in all the country (Spain) under the less regional appellative of "trasgos". In others parts of Europe, they are known as "lutin", "follet", "kobold" or "puck". Trasgos are horned and have a tail; they also walk with a limp, but this doesn't mean they are not agile. In fact, they really are! As they are of the family of imps ("duendes" in Spanish, or "lutins" in French), they are small (70 to 90 cm tall), wear a red, pointed hood or hat, and are happy, noisy lads who like joking. Trasgos live in old houses, and are specially fond on those with a big garret or lumber room. They are not sentimentally attached to the building, but to the family that inhabits there, and the trasgo will follow the family if it moves to another place. Trasgos love any kind of domestic work, but they must be repaid with food and warmth, otherwise they can become very angry. They will then awake sleeping people, displace any object in the house or break dishes. Most of all, they are very greedy, and will steal any sweet that can be found in the house. That is why some people want to get rid of them. The only way is to shame the trasgu, who believes himself very clever.


In Scandinavian mythology the fairy people were elves and were divided into two classes, the light elves and the dark elves, like the Seelie and Unseelie Court. In Scotland the fairy people of human size were often called elves and Faeryland was Elfame; in England it was the smaller Trooping Fay who were called elves, and the name was particularly applied to small fairy boys.


A malevolent goblin from German legend. He haunts forests and lures people, especially children, to destruction. He can also lead the Wild Hunt. 


He is the "Elf King" in Germany. He's been known to warn people of their pending deaths. How he appears will relay to that person how he or she is going to die.


A chieftain among the faeries, this is a Mari siren (Erreka means creek) that lives near small streams. Her name changes according to Toponymia, and she's also known as Mari-Arroka or Mari-Muruko. 



The Fachan

Faeries from the Western Highlands of Scotland. He is portrayed with one leg, one arm and one eye. 

Fair Family or Fair Folk 

The euphemistic name used by the Welsh for the fairies.


The original fairies, or faeries, bestowed gifts upon newborn children, such as beauty, wealth and kindness. In the subsequent centuries they continued this original function, but expanded their activities into other types of meddling in human affairs. Fairies can only be seen clearly by animals and seldom by humans, although if one is fortunate enough, one might catch a fleeting glimpse. There are a few exceptions however. The first is when fairies use their power (known as 'glamour') to enable a human to see them. Also, during a full moon on Midsummer Eve a mortal witness fairy dances or celebrations. And finally, by looking through a self-bored stone (a stone in which a hole has been made by tumbling in the waters of a brook; not found on a beach) one can see fairies distinctly. The rulers of the race of fairies are Queen Titania and her consort Prince Oberon, their court being in the vicinity of Stratford-on-Avon. Other synonyms and euphemisms for fairies are: the Little People, the Green Men, the Good Folk and the Lordly Ones.


In Celtic myth Fand is a faery queen, who was once married to the sea god Manannan. Fand was also a minor sea goddess who made her home both in the Otherworld and on the Islands of Man. With her sister, Liban, she was one of the twin goddesses of health and earthly pleasures. She was also known as "Pearl of Beauty". Some scholars believe she was a native Manx deity who was absorbed in the Irish mythology.


(Or Pharisees). The Suffolk name for fairies. The Suffolk children used to be confused between the Farisees and the biblical mentions of the Pharisees.


The dialect name in Northumberland.


The dialect name in Northumberland.


The collective word for fairies who are usually friendly towards mankind, or at least neutral. They are depicted as small creatures with a green skin and wearing red hats. They enjoy singing and dancing.


The fairies of Upper Brittany.

The Fenoderee 

He is a type of Brownie from the Isle of Man. He is not very intelligent, but he is a hard worker who, with his great strength, has performed many tasks for the farmers of Man. He goes around naked and the offer of clothes will greatly offend him, causing him to stop working. The Fenoderee used to belong to the Ferrishyn, an elfish-tribe on the Isle of Man, until he made the mistake of wooing a mortal girl. He was punished by loosing his good looks, and he turned into the ugly, solitary creature he is now.


Another Suffolk name for the fairies.


The usual name for the Shetland and Ocadian fairies.


(Ferrishin). A Manx name for the fairy tribe; the singular is "Ferrish". They are the Trooping Fairies of Man, though there does not seem to be any distinction between them and the Sleih Beggey. They are less aristocratic than the fairies of Ireland and Wales, and they have no named fairy king or queen. They were small, generally described as three feet in height, though sometimes as one foot. They could hear whatever was said out of doors. Every wind stirring carried the sound to their ears, and this made people very careful to speak of them favourably.


A female of the Gremlin family who tickled fighter pilots and bombardiers just as their sights were lined up for a good run. 


King of the Connaught Fairies. Onagh is his consort, supreme King and Queen of the Sidhe. He was famed for his benevolence toward humans.

Fir Darrig 

(Pronounced "fear dearg";). They delight in practical joking of a rather gruesome nature and therefore it is probably safer to humour them and leave them alone!


(Pronounced "fooar").  Manx equivalent of Highland Fomorians. Nasty beings, they are stone-throwing giants and often ravish cattle. 


The Norfolk and Suffolk, local version of the word "fairy".

Frau Welt

The name that was given to the female supernatural paramour or fairy mistress of general European folk belief by medieval clerics; and according to them, the Devil.


A sort of personal spirit. They often take an animal form. The Native Americans call them "fetches" and use them as totems. They serve mostly as personal guardians. 



Apache Indian Shamen offer prayers to the Gans, asking them to drive evil spirits away and to attract good fortune.

The Gentry

The most noble tribe of all the fairies in Ireland. A big race who came from the planets and usually appear in white. The Irish used to bless the Gentry for fear of harm otherwise.

Ghillie Dhu 

He is a solitary Scottish elf who lives in birches. His clothes are woven from leaves and moss. 

The Glaistig

A water-spirit who is half a lovely woman and half a goat. The goat part she tries to hide underneath a long green robe. She invites a man to dance with her, before she feeds on his blood. Contrarily, she can also be very friendly towards children and the elderly. Sometimes she also herds the cattle for farmers. 


Goblins are a different, more grotesque variety of gnomes. They are known to be playful, but at other time they are evil and their tricks could seriously harm people. A goblin smile curdles the blood and a laugh sours the milk and causes fruit to fall from the trees. They pester humans in a number of ways, such as hiding small objects, tipping over pails of milk and altering signposts. 
Goblins originated in France and spread rapidly all over Europe. They have no homes and usually live in mossy clefts in rocks and roots of ancient trees, although they never stay very long in the same place.


A Jewish zombie-like spirit who is to avenge a wrongful death. In Jewish legend, a Golem is an image or form that is given life through a magical formula, such as the power of the letters of the divine name. The word is used to denote anything that is not yet fully developed. In the Middle Ages is was believed that there were wise men who could instil life in effigies by the use of a magic spell. These golems then took the form of a robot, or automaton. They would carry out their master's command and could perform easy tasks, as well as protecting their creators.


A type of Breton gnome believed to inhabit dolmens and other megaliths. (See also Crion). 


In English folklore, the Grant is a creature that looks like a yearling foal with sparkling eyes. He prances about the streets of a village at midnight day or sundown, often capering on his hind legs. All the dogs run after him. His presence is a warning of danger, and those who see him are sure that their houses will catch on fire, or some misfortune will occur.

The Green Children

The fairy are recorded in the medieval chronicles under such a name.


The name for the fairies that dwell in Lincolnshire Fen country.

Green Fairy

Also called La F�e Verte, a nickname for the alcoholic drink absinthe, so named for its green colour and intoxicating and seductive properties. Originally represented as a green woman, later she has been represented as a more traditional green coloured fairy.


The euphemistic name used for the fairies in Lancashire, associated with the Jacobean Fairies.

The Green Lady of Caerphilly

Takes on the appearance of ivy when she is not walking through the ruined castles she haunts.

The Green Man

A legendary pagan deity who roams the woodlands of the British Isles and Europe. He usually is depicted as a horned man peering out of a mask of foliage, usually the sacred oak.


Little, mischievous spirits of tools and machinery. They are responsible for the little mishaps when working with tools, such as the sudden diversion of a hammer towards your thumb when you are driving a nail. Originally they were friendly towards mankind, and helped them with many inventions. But when those engineers and mechanics claimed all the credit of these inventions for themselves, this insult soured the gremlin attitude towards mankind. 

The Grey Neighbours

One of the euphemistic names for the fairies given by the Shetlanders to the Trows, the small grey-clad goblins whom the Shetlanders used to propitiate and fear, using against them many of the means used all over the islands as protection against fairies.

Guillyn Veggey

The Little Boys is a Manx term for the fairies who dwell on the Isle of Man.

Gwrach y Rhibyn

"Witch Rhibyn", the Welsh equivalent of the Banshee. She warns only families of pure Welsh stock.

The Gwragedd Annwn

(Pronounced "Gwrageth anoon";). They are Welsh water faeries, beautiful Lake Maidens who occasionally take mortals to be their husbands. One legend has it that they live in a sunken city in one of the many lakes in Wales. People claim to have seen towers under water and heard the chiming of bells.


(Pronounced "gwithleeon"). The Gwyllion is a mythological creature from Wales. Even though these elfish creatures are mostly harmless you should always invite them into your house and treat them well, because if you don't, it may result in destruction. The female faerie is very hideous and its only job is to cause travellers to become lost. Many times they just bother you or possibly frighten you by sitting on either side of a mountain path and following the traveler with their eyes.



They are the personification of winter in the British Isles, and are said to be the traces of the most ancient goddesses. The hag is regarded as the personification of winter. In the winter months she is usually old and very ugly looking. As the season changes though she becomes more and more beautiful, and younger. Tangles in the manes of horses and ponies are called hag-knots, supposed to be used witches as stirrups.


A wood-nymph. Each tree has its own wood-nymph, who dies when the tree dies.

Hedley Kow 

The Hedley Kow was a naughty, shape changing, playful elf who lived near the village of Hedley. His appearance was not scary and his tricks were usually harmless, which he always ended with a neighing laughter. A typical trick was to change himself into a bunch of straw. When an elderly woman gathering wood picked up the straw, it suddenly became so heavy she had to put it down. Immediately the straw became 'alive' and then it scuttled away laughing. Other tricks included imitating the voice of a lover, feeding cream to cats, and turning over a bowl of soup.


Friendly dwarfs or elves from German folk belief. They work at night for people whom they like, or to whom they are indebted. 


One of the names given to the Trows of Orkney and Shetland.


Used by the Puritans and in later times for wicked goblin spirits, but its more correct use is for the friendly spirits of the Brownie type. Hobgoblin was considered an ill omened word. "Hob" and "Lob" are words meaning the same kind of creature as the Hobgoblin. An impish, ugly and mischievous sprite, they are on the whole good-humoured and ready to be helpful, but fond of practical joking. 


Little people in Halmahera (Moluccas). They tease people, except those who put out food for them. For those good people they will fill the rice-sheds, but at the expense of other people.


The Inca term for the numerous gods of nature they worshipped in the shape of rocks, mountains, trees, rivers, lakes, etc.


They are fairly reclusive Scandinavian faerie folk.

Hyter Sprites

They are faeries from Lincolnshire and East Anglia. Small and sandy-coloured, with green eyes, they are able to appear as sand martins (a type of bird).


Ileana Cosanzeana 

In Romanian folklore, Ileana is the original concept of feminine beauty, the most beautiful amongst the fairies: her eyes look like the sun, her body is like the sea and her garments are made of flowers. When she sings, pearls and gold flow out of her mouth.


The little people of Eskimo legends. They are supposed to be about a foot high, and float/travel inches above the ground. Live much like normal Eskimos. Info from Yupik/Inupiaq of Norton Sound Region of Alaska.



A very dangerous giant who haunts the deserted roads in Yorkshire. He is covered with chains and the heads of his victims. His weapon is a large club with spikes.

Jenny Greenteeth 

A Yorkshire River Hag who drowns children. An ugly old woman with a green skin, long hair and sharp teeth who inhabits the river Tees. She grabs the ankles of those who stand to close to the water, pulls them under water and drowns them. Swimming or wading in this river is strongly discouraged. 


These seasonal faeries are found in Mexico and Central America. They resemble pudgy children with wings and aid in the turning of the Wheel Of the Year. Males are Jimaninos, females are Jimaninas. 

Jimmy Squarefoot 

His appearance is said to be frightening, but he is actually harmless.



Dutch variant of the Leprechaun. They are friendly little beings, about 15 cm. in height.


Generally Kachinas refer to any masked figure or doll. But in the mythic sense and ritual significance they are better conceived as spirits of the dead or departed. After the end of a good life, they go to the West, where the sun sets, and become Kachinas, but there is no clear identity with the deceased and a specific Kachina. There are two categories: chief and common. Chief Kachinas do not participate in group dancing, common Kachinas do.


The Prussian version of gnomes.

The Kelpie

In old Scotland, the Kelpie is a treacherous water devil who lurks in lakes and rivers. It usually assumes the shape of a young horse. When a tired traveller stops by a lake to rest or to have a drink, he would see a horse, apparently peacefully grazing. When he mounts the horse, the Kelpie dives into the water and drowns its victim. Occasionally is helped millers by keeping the mill-wheel going at night.

The Killmoulis

A very ugly creature who dwells in mills. He has an enormous nose but no mouth. He probably eats by stuffing food through his nostrils. A Killmoulis is a hard worker and a great help to a miller, but with his tricks he is sometimes more a nuisance than a help.


They inhabit the figureheads of ships, giving them guidance and protection.


The Forfarshire name for a fairy.


The knockers are a variety of Kobolds. They live in mines and are usually good-natured. With a knocking sound they point out where the rich veins are to be found. Although they are usually friendly towards miners, they can play strange tricks. For a knocker there is nothing funnier than to scare miners by changing its ugly face to something even more horrible, while performing strange dances. In Wales, they are called Coblynau (or Coblyn) or Buccas, who are related to their cousins in Cornwall. 


In German (Teutonic) folklore, kobolds are spirits who dwell in mines and who like to torment humans. They are tricksters and not inherently evil. Like Robin Goodfellow, they may either help or harass humans, for unknown reasons. In the 16th and the 17th century, they were usually depicted on paintings as little devils with a conical hat, pointy shoes, a hairy tail, and bald feet instead of hands. In the class of fairy-like beings, they are considered to be the most dangerous and most ugly.


Bizarre-looking and capricious but generally good-natured guardians of Brittany's standing stones. 


The night-hag of Russian folklore. 


King of the Yakshas, the Hindu god of wealth. He is also known as Dhanapati, 'lord of riches'. Kubera is physically envisioned as a dwarf with an ugly and deformed body. His skin is white and he has three legs. He has a set of only eight teeth. In the Vedic times in Indian Mythology, Kubera was a being associated with evil. He is assisted in his duties by his constant attendants, the Kinnaras, male creatures, and their female counterparts, the Kinnoris. 


In Siberian (Ziryen) mythology, the Kul are water-spirits who rule over lakes and rivers. They are hostile towards humans, and inflict sickness at a whim. The Kul are closely connected to the underworld. The most important water-spirit is Ulkalan-tojon, "the master of all waters". They are found in the western districts of the Ostyak and in the northern part of Vogul territory. 


The Lady of the Lake

She is a faerie whose palace is hidden by the illusion of a lake. Otherworldly affiliated enchantress possibly originating from an archetype of a Celtic priestess. The name suggests a part played by more than one individual. Several Ladies are found in the literature in differing circumstances but they are almost indistinguishable from one another and there is no geographically identifiable lake.


Basque fairies, related to the Celtic little people. The Laminak live underground in beautiful castles. 


Lami�as are evil faeries of the Pa�s Vasco. They live in the woods and in the shores of streams and rivers. They usually appear as women (they can also appear as men, but that is rare). The only means to distinguish them from normal people is to see that part of their body which is fish or bird. Of course, usually it is easy because it is fifty-fifty, but the animal detail can sometimes be as small as a goat leg or a chicken foot. 

Leanan Sidhe

Often quoted as meaning "the fairy mistress" or the "fairy sweetheart". She is a the famous Celtic muse with such a dark and unearthly beauty that her lover was often distraught with longing and suffering for her absence. On the Isle of Man, the Leanan Sidhe is a vampiric female spirit, while on in Ireland she is the muse of poetry. Those who are inspired by her usually live a glorious, but short life. 


Very small sprites who sometimes live in farmhouses or wine cellars. They are known to aid humans and perform small labours for them. Sometimes they ask humans for supplies and furniture, for which in return they give objects which bring luck and fortune. Leprechauns are called fairy cobblers, for they make shoes for elves (but always one shoe, never a pair). They are seen quite often by humans and are described as merry little fellows gaily dressed in old-fashioned clothes; green, with a red cap, leather apron, and buckled shoes.  When they finish their daily tasks, Leprechauns like to organize wild feast, during which time they are referred to as Cluricauns. These (often drunk) Cluricauns can then be seen riding in moonlight on the back of a dog or a sheep.  According to popular belief, a Leprechaun possesses a treasure (usually a pot of gold) which a human may obtain if he succeeds in capturing one, which is extremely difficult. Even after capture, a person may not take his eyes off of him for an instant, for then he will vanish. Leprechauns are mainly found in Irish folklore.

The Little People of the Passamaquoddy Indians

There are two kinds: the Nagumwasuck and the Mekumwasuck. They're both two to three feet tall and ugly. The Passamaquody Indians live close to the Canadian border. The Nagumwasuck are closely involved with their humans, often singing sadly when there is a death in the tribe, and they dance at weddings. They are self-conscious of their ugliness, and it is near fatal to laugh at them. The Mekumwasuck live in the woods and dress outlandishly. Their faces are covered with hair. They are the guardians of the Catholic Church. If a Mekumwasuck looks directly at you, you either die or acquire a contagious disease of some sort.


In the Isle of Man, a spirit friend, a female fairy who waited to encounter men. If one spoke to her she followed him always, but remained invisible to everyone else.

The Lunantishee, or Lunantishess

A tribe of fairies who guard blackthorn bushes (one of the Fairy Trees). They will not allow that a blackthorn stick is cut on May 11th (originally May Day) or November 11 (originally All Hallows Eve). Should a person manage to cut a stick, some misfortune will surely befall him or her.


In the folklore of Normandy, a goblin, similar to the house-spirits of Germany. The name was formerly Netun and is said to be derived from Neptune. When the Lutin assumes the form of a horse ready equipped, it is called Le Cheval Bayard.

Ly Erg

This faerie yearns to be a soldier. He dresses like one and cannot be distinguished from human soldiers except by his red-stained hands, red from the blood he has shed.


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