Site Index

Names of Fabrics

NAMES & DESCRIPTION OF FABRICS

aba garment of camel or goat hair; camel or goat-hair fabric
alepine mixed wool and silk or mohair and cotton fabric
alpaca fine wool made from alpaca hair
ardass fine silk
arrasene embroidery fabric of wool and silk
atlas rich satin fabric
baize coarse napped cotton or wool fabric
balbriggan knitted cotton fabric
baldachin rich embroidered silk and gold fabric
balzarine light cotton dress material
barathea pebbly silk or worsted fabric with broken rib weave
barege gauzy fabric of silk, cotton, wool, or worsted
Barras coarse linen
batiste fine soft sheer fabric of plain weave
Bavellina Medieval fabric made with waste silk
bayadere fabric with horizontal stripes in strongly contrasting colours
bengaline crosswise ribbed fabric
Bigello Medieval fabric of thick, coarse woollen, shaggy uncut nap
bombazine twilled silk and worsted fabric
Borato thin fabric
Boratti Medieval mixed cloth of silk warp and wool weft
boucle fabric of uneven looped yarn
brilliantine light lustrous cotton and worsted fabric
broadcloth dense twilled wool or worsted fabric
brocade rich silk fabric with raised patterns
buckram stiff-finished cotton or linen used for linings of garments
bunting light loosely woven fabric used for flags
Burdet cotton fabric
burlap coarse plain-woven jute or hemp fabric
burnet dark brown; dark woollen cloth
Burrell coarse russet cloth
calamanco satin twilled woollen fabric
calico plain white cotton
camaca fine silk fabric
cambric fine thin white cotton or linen fabric
Camelin Medieval cheap, "dry" worsted-type of woollen cloth
camlet strong waterproof silk or wool fabric
cashmere soft twilled fabric made of fine goat's wool
cassimere closely woven twilled cloth of fine wool
cendal silk fabric resembling taffeta
challis soft lightweight silk, wool or cotton fabric
chambray lightweight fabric with coloured warp and white filling
chamois cotton fabric made in imitation of chamois leather
chenille velvety silk, wool or cotton fabric with protruding pile
cheviot coarse heavy plain or twilled wool or worsted
chiffon sheer silk fabric
chino strong twilled cotton cloth
chintz glazed printed cotton fabric
cire fabric with a glazed finish
cloque fabric with an embossed design
Coburg thin single-twilled worsted fabric with cotton or silk
cordovan soft goatskin leather
corduroy durable cotton piled fabric with vertical ribs
crash coarse drapery and towelling fabric
crepe light crinkled fabric
crepon heavy crepe fabric with lengthwise crinkles
cretonne heavy cotton or linen cloth
crinoline stiff flax or cotton fabric
cubica fine unglazed fabric resembling shalloon
cypress silk or cotton gauze fabric, usually black
damask fine lustrous fabric with flat patterns and a satin weave
denim firm and durable twilled cotton
dimity sheer and stout white cotton
domett plain cotton-wool blend
dornick stout linen
dowlas coarse linen
drabbet coarse linen
drap-de-Berry old woollen cloth
dreadnought heavy woollen cloth
drill durable twilled cotton
droguet ribbed woollen dress
drugget coarse durable wool fabric
duck durable closely woven cotton fabric
duffel fabric of thick, low-quality woollen cloth
dungaree heavy coarse durable twilled cotton, usually coloured
dupion coarse silk
duroy coarse woollen
duvetyn smooth lustrous velvety fabric
ecarlate fine woollen cloth, usually dyed scarlet
éolienne fine silk and wool
etamine light open-mesh cotton or worsted
faille shiny closely woven silk, cotton or rayon fabric
farandine silk and wool cloth
filoselle coarse floss silk
flannel light woollen fabric
foulard soft lightweight plain-woven or twilled silk fabric
foulé light woollen furled cloth
frieze rough heavy woollen cloth
fuji plain spun silk fabric
fustian coarse twilled cotton
gabardine closely woven cotton or wool twill
galatea striped cotton
gambroon twilled worsted and cloth
gazar silk organza fabric
genappe smooth worsted yarn
georgette thin silk
gingham striped cotton cloth
grenadine thin silk
grogram coarse loosely woven silk fabric
grosgrain heavy close-woven corded silk
gulix kind of fine linen
harn coarse linen
herringbone twilled fabric woven in rows of parallel sloping lines
hodden coarse undyed woollen cloth
Holland coarse plain-woven cotton or linen
hopsack rough-surfaced loose fabric
huckaback absorbent cotton or linen used for towels
jaconet stout cotton cloth
jacquard intricately-woven variegated fabric; loom for making jacquard
jaspe cotton or rayon cloth with shaded effect
jean durable twilled cotton material
jersey plain weft-knitted fabric of wool, cotton, nylon or silk
kalamkari fabric coloured by repeated dyeing
Kanica Medieval silk or woollen fabric
Kasmir fine woollen fabric of Oriental origin
kelt coarse fabric made of black and white wool
kente hand-woven African silk fabric
kersey coarse woollen cloth
kerseymere twilled fine wool
khaddar homespun cotton cloth
kincob embroidered silk with gold and silver threads
Lacey delicate fabric made of netted thread
lamé fabric in which metallic threads are interwoven
lasting sturdy cotton or worsted cloth
lawn fine sheer plain-woven cotton or linen
leno open-woven fabric
Lindsey coarse linen and wool blend
linsey-woolsey thin coarse fabric of wool and linen
lockram coarse linen
lustring glossy silk
lutestring plain glossy silk
mackinaw heavy napped and felted wool cloth
mackintosh lightweight rubberised waterproof cotton
madapollam fine cotton cloth
madras fine plain-woven cotton or silk
marabout thin downy silk
Marcella cotton or linen in twill weave
marocain ribbed crepe fabric
marquisette sheer meshed cloth
Melton strong and smooth heavy woollen cloth
merino soft woollen or wool and cotton cloth
messaline soft lightweight silk with a satin weave
mockado inferior quality woollen fabric
mogadore ribbed silk used in making neckties
mohair fabric made from silky hair of angora goats
moire watered silk
moleskin heavy durable cotton
moreen stout corded wool or cotton
mousseline fine sheer fabric
mull soft fine sheer cotton or silk fabric
muslin plain-woven fine cotton
nainsook fine cotton fabric
nankeen buff-coloured; durable buff-coloured cotton
needlecord thinly ribbed cotton
ninon silk voile or other thin fabric
organdie fine translucent cotton
organza transparent thin silk or nylon
Orleans interwoven cotton and worsted
osnaburg coarse linen or cotton
ottoman heavy clothing fabric with crosswise ribs
oxford soft durable plain-woven cotton
paduasoy corded silk
paisley soft wool fabric with ornamental pattern
panne heavy lustrous silk or rayon with waxy feel
Parramatta worsted and cotton blend
pashmina fine goat's wool fabric used for making shawls
pekin fine soft silk
pellicule thin diaphanous fabric
percale closely woven lightweight cloth
percaline glossy lightweight cotton
perse dark blue or bluish-grey; cloth of such a colour
piqué stiff durable corded fabric of cotton, rayon or silk
platilla fine white linen
plissé fabric with puckered finish
pongee thin soft fabric woven from raw silk
poodle coarsely looped or nubby fabric
poplin corded woven silk and worsted
prunella strong and heavy silk or wool
Quiana silken
rabanna raffia fabric of Madagascar
ramie strong lustrous fabric resembling linen or silk
raploch coarse undyed woollen cloth
raschel light loosely kitted cloth
ratiné rough bulky plain-woven fabric
rep plain-woven fabric with crosswise ribs
romal handkerchief or head cloth; silk or cotton fabric
rumchunder fine silk
Russel ribbed cotton and wool
russet coarse homespun cloth
sagathy light blend of silk and cotton or wool
samite rich and heavy silk, sometimes interwoven with gold or silver
sarsenet fine and soft silk; soft or gentle
satara ribbed lustred wool
sateen glossy cotton or wool
satin closely woven silk with lustrous face
satinet thin silk satin or imitation thereof
Saxony fine soft woollen fabric
say delicate woollen fabric
scarlet fine cloth
scrim durable plain-woven cotton fabric
seersucker light puckered cotton or linen fabric
sempiternum durable wool
sendal thin silk or linen
serge strong twilled worsted
shalloon light twilled wool or worsted
shantung plain rough silk or cotton
sharkskin smooth durable wool or worsted fabric
Shetland lightweight loosely twisted wool fabric
shoddy woollen fabric made from rags
sicilienne ribbed silk
silesia thin twilled cotton or linen
silkaline soft light cotton fabric resembling silk
sindon fine linen
stammel coarse woollen fabric, usually dyed red; bright red colour
stockinette soft elastic cotton fabric
surah soft twilled silk or rayon
swansdown heavy napped cotton flannel
swanskin soft napped fabric resembling flannel
tabaret striped watered silk and satin fabric
tabby plain-woven silk taffeta fabric
tabinet silk and wool watered fabric
taffeta thin glossy silk
tamin thin glazed worsted
tamis thin wool
tarlatan thin sheer stiff cotton
terry piled fabric consisting of uncut loops
ticking strong linen or cotton fabric used for mattress and pillow cases
tiffany transparent silk-like gauzy fabric
tiretaine wool cloth mixed with cotton or linen
toile plain or simple twilled fabric
tricolette silk or rayon knitted fabric
tricot plain knitted silk or woollen fabric
tricotine double-twilled worsted fabric
tulle sheer and delicate thin silk
tussah brownish silk fabric
tweed rough twilled wool
twill any diagonally woven fabric
velour piled velvety cotton
veloutine velvety corded wool
velvet soft piled fabric of silk, cotton or synthetic material
velvetine cotton with silk pile
vicuna fabric made from wool of the vicuna, a small ruminant
voile soft fine sheer fabric
wadmal thick coarse wool
whipcord fabric with bold twill used for making dresses
wigan stiff plain-woven cotton
wincey plain or twilled cotton
woolsey cotton and wool blend